Incentives and Sanctions List

Annotated list offering helpful tips and cautions garnered from professional experience and research findings, to assist with effectively applying responses.

The following list of incentives and sanctions was collected from hundreds of treatment courts around the country during division training events. This compilation is intended to encourage treatment courts to think more broadly and creatively about the types of responses they might provide in their own programs. Our faculty grouped the responses into conceptually similar categories and in approximate order of magnitude or severity.

This list is not intended to be exhaustive. Treatment courts are encouraged to develop their own responses and to gauge the  effectiveness of those responses within their programs. This list does not include therapeutic responses or adjustments to participants’ treatment regimens. Treatment adjustments should be based on participants’ clinical needs as determined by qualified treatment professionals and should not be used to reward desired behaviors or to punish undesired behaviors.

Date: 2021